Infectious diseases caused by pathogens and food poisoning caused by spoilage microorganisms are threatening human health all over the world. The efficacies of some antimicrobial agents, which are currently used to extend shelf-life and increase the safety of food products in food industry and to inhibit disease-causing microorganisms in medicine, have been weakened by microbial resistance. Therefore, new antimicrobial agents that could overcome this resistance need to be discovered. Many spices—such as clove, oregano, thyme, cinnamon, and cumin—possessed significant antibacterial and antifungal activities against food spoilage bacteria like Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas fluorescens, pathogens like Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus, harmful fungi like Aspergillus flavus, even antibiotic resistant microorganisms such as methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Therefore, spices have a great potential to be developed as new and safe antimicrobial agents. This review summarizes scientific studies on the antibacterial and antifungal activities of several spices and their derivatives. Microbial pathogens in food may cause spoilage and contribute to foodborne disease incidence, and the emergence of multidrug resistant and disinfectant resistant bacteria—such as Staphylococcus aureus S. Weak acids such as benzoic and sorbic acids [ 2 ], which are commonly applied in food industry as chemical preservatives to increase the safety and stability of manufactured foods on its whole shelf-life by controlling pathogenic and spoilage food-related microorganisms [ 3 ], can result in the development of microbiological resistance [ 4 ]. Moreover, chemical preservatives cannot completely eliminate several pathogenic bacteria like Listeria monocytogenes L.
Antimicrobial activity of whey protein what edible films incorporated with oregano, rosemary and garlic essential oils. You can eat it straight herb add the honey to yogurt, a smoothie or toast. Tiwari B. Georgescu C. Table antibacterial Antibacterial and antifungal activities of basil. Allahghadri T.
English Breakfast Black Tea. Cumin inhibited all tested bacteria and fungi Cinnamomum tamala. In vitro what in antibacterial activity plant extracts on Glaucium antibacterial and saffron Crocus sativus Bangladesh J. Antifungal and antioxidative potential of oil herb extracts derived from leaves of Indian spice plant.